The short answer is that it depends: on who is doing the counting, for what purposes the count is being done, and when (what year) the count was done. Currently it appears that thirteen villages are recognized. These include Auburndale, Chestnut Hill, Newton (Corner), Newton Centre, Newton Highlands, Newton Lower Falls, Newton Upper Falls, Newtonville, Nonantum, Oak Hill Park (includes Oak Hill Village), Thompsonville, Waban, and West Newton.
The City of Newton’s website shows a map listing fourteen villages. This map splits up Oak Hill Park and Oak Hill into two separate villages. When a site lists only twelve villages, Tompsonville (the smallest village) is usually the one dropped. Such sites include the Jackson Homestead’s site and the Planning Department’s brochures covering the history and attractions of each the village.
In 1972 the City recognized only ten villages, combining a number of them. These included Auburndale, Chestnut Hill, Newton (including Newton Corner and Nonantum), Newton Lower Falls, Newton Upper Falls, Newton Highlands, Newton Center (including Oak Hill Park, Oak Hill Village, and Thompsonville), Newtonville, Waban, and West Newton. In 1986 the Newton Village Study: Report for the City of Newton, Massachusetts lists fourteen villages, adding Newton Four Corners as a village.
A website article that reiterates the thirteen villages of Newton, complete with references, can be found at the Newton Citizen’s website. Click here to view. Clicking on any site above that is not in black should get you to that site. I did one final important check on the number of Newton villages, with David Olson, the current City Clerk, who confirmed the number thirteen as the correct number.